Alexander Pope. An Essay on Man is a poem published by Alexander Pope in 1734. It is a rationalistic effort to use philosophy in order to “vindicate the ways of God to man” (l.16), a variation of John Milton’s claim in the opening lines of Paradise Lost, that he will “justify the ways of God to men” (1.26).
Overall, I agree with Samuel Johnsons view on Popes An Essay on Man: The Essay on Man was a work of great labour and long consideration, but certainly not the happiest of Pope's performances. The subject is perhaps not very proper for poetry, and the poet was not sufficiently master of his subject; metaphysical morality was to him a new study.